One of the holy places for Buddhists religion, Lumbini is situated at the foothills of the Himalayas in the Terai plains of southern Nepal. Lumbini is a beautiful place. This spiritual destination paramount’s with historical, cultural and spiritual values. Maya Devi Temple, Ashoka Pillar, the Holy Pond and many other Buddhist monasteries built by Myanmar, Thailand, Korea, China, Japan, and Vietnam have impeccable architectural values.
Lumbini is associated with the birth of Lord Buddha is of immense archeological and religious importance and also a UNESCO Cultural Heritage Site. It is said that Prince Siddhartha Gautam, who later became Buddha the ‘Enlightened One’, was born in the gardens of Nepal’s Lumbini in 623 B.C. The main shrines of Lumbini are the newly restored Mayadevi Temple, the Ashokan Pillar behind the temple and the Lake Shakya Puskarini where Mayadevi is said to have bathed before delivering the little Buddha into the world.
Several other places near Lumbini are linked with stories connected to Buddha and Buddhism. Lumbini is about 300 kilometers south-west of Kathmandu. Buses and flights to Bhairahawa which is about 22 kilometers from Lumbini are available from major cities. From Bhairahawa transport services to Lumbini are easily available. There are sufficient hotels and restaurants in Lumbini and Bhairahawa.
There is some important monuments area as follows:
- Mayadevi Temple – This temple dedicated in the name of mother Lord Buddha, Maya Devi, was excavated a few years ago. Many sculptures and carvings in which the figures and designs are only slightly projecting from their background are seen here. Lumbini has many new monasteries and stupas built by Buddhist communities from around the world. Apart from the Nepal Buddha Temple and the Dharmaswami Buddhist monastery, many other countries like Japan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, France, Germany, and Burma (name all countries) etc. have built their own temples and monasteries.
- The Lumbini Garden – This is the site marked by a stone pillar called Ashoka Pillar erected by the Indian Emperor Ashoka at about 245B.C. The most important discovery in this place is a stone marked to suggest the exact birthplace of Buddha. Lumbini also has a museum and a research center for Buddhism. At present, the Lumbini Development Trust is implementing a master plan to develop Lumbini according to Prof. K. Tange’s design.